All about Kidney Pain

Photo by: Bigstockphoto
Photo by: Bigstockphoto

Kidney pain may be an indication of an underlying medical condition. If it is not treated immediately, it could lead to further complications which are why it is important to know the first signs of kidney pain. So if you want to know about kidneys and the causes of pain, this article can help you with that.

Kidney Defined

Kidneys are the two bean-shaped organs in the body that helps remove the waste products as well as excess fluid from the body.  It is located at the back in the upper abdominal area of the body. It also produces hormones that help regulate the blood pressure, red blood cells and calcium. Kidneys also help in acid regulation as well as electrolyte metabolism. The excess waste products that the kidneys remove come out as urine. It is also the kidneys that regulate the body salt, acid and potassium. They also produce the hormones that help stimulate the red blood cells in regulating blood pressure as well as the calcium and electrolyte metabolism in the body.

Symptoms of Kidney Pain

Kidney pain are not always felt but when it does occur the person may feel discomfort or aches which is similar to sharp pain that occur in the back between the lowest rib and the buttocks. However, depending on the causes, the pain may radiate downwards from the flank to the groin and into the abdominal area.

People who suffer from kidney pain may experience fever, painful urination, nausea, vomiting and even blood in urine. This could be a symptom of kidney problems and diseases which is associated with the renal structures. However, it could also be due to other diseases as there are times that they mimic kidney pain and some kidney pain may not be really due to kidney problems.

Problems like muscle strains, spinal problems, aortic abdominal aneurysm, gynecological problems and even shingles can be mistaken as kidney problems as they do feel like the pain comes from the kidney area.

If the pain you are experiencing tends to be sudden, sharp and severe then this could be related to kidney problems. Often times the pain increases and decreases as it comes forming a wave-like pattern may be due to problems in the renal ureters. This is also felt when one has kidney stones.

Causes of Kidney Pain

The pain felt in the kidneys may be due to several causes. It could be an acute or chronic kidney disease or it could also be a congenital condition. People who are born with genetic abnormality may also be one of the reasons why there is pain in the kidneys.

Kidney pain that is described as flank pain is often felt as constant and sharp. It is also known as renal colic and is usually seen when kidney stones are present in the kidneys. Chronic kidney pain is described as dull and aching with occasional sharp, flank pain. This could be due to polycystic kidney diseases, diabetes, high blood presser and other damage to the tissues in the kidneys.

Other causes of kidney pain may be due to urinary tract infections (UTI), glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney diseases, congenital malformations of the renal system, drugs or toxins that made their way into the kidneys. It could also be due to drinking alcohol but this type of pain can also be related back to the liver.

If you are experiencing any pain coming from your lower back (where the kidneys are located) it is best to watch out for an increase in blood pressure, swelling of the hands and feet, puffiness around the eyes and frequent painful urination. Once any of these appear in your body, make sure to seek out medical attention immediately. This way you know what kind of underlying condition you have so an appropriate medication can be given.