A bruise is a skin injury wherein capillaries damaged by trauma cause hemorrhage under the skin. Because the skin is not broken, you bleed internally. The result is a patch of black and blue discoloration underneath the skin. The bruised area turns slight yellow as it heals. Usually, bruises are caused by blunt force. But there are people who bruise more easily than others. And this could be caused by a number of things.
Certain types of medication cause weakened blood vessels. Aging could be a factor in a person’s susceptibility to bruises. People who are deficient in blood-clotting compounds will also bruise easily. Below are other explanations for easy bruising among adults:
As we age, our skin loses elasticity. The protective layers of fat within the skin thin out as well. This makes the skin susceptible to minor injuries. Easy bruising is common among people aged 60 and above. The breaking down of the skin coupled by less protective fat leads to sensitive, bruise-prone skin.
Too much sun exposure breaks down the collagen in the skin. It dries out the outer skin layer, causing wrinkles. It also thins out the epidermis causing skin sensitivity. This is why those who love to work on their tan bruise easily. So never go out of the house without wearing sunblock!
Certain types of medication thin out the blood, leading to easy bruising. For example, taking aspirin could make you prone to bruising.
Aspirin is a blood thinner. It works by disabling the platelets, inhibiting the blood from coagulating. Thinner blood makes you susceptible to bruising. Even a minor trauma to the skin could cause immediate bruising after taking aspirin.
Some people are just born with thinner, bruise-prone skin than others. People with fair skin are the most vulnerable to bruising. Also, if you are born with prominent veins or you are susceptible to varicose veins, you bruise easily.
Vasculitis refers to a group of autoimmune diseases that cause blood vessel inflammation. One of the symptoms of this condition includes red bruises called purpura. Purpura is caused by bursting irritated blood vessels. Vasculitis is also triggered by chronic diseases like hepatitis.
Dealing With Easy Bruising
Taking certain vitamin and mineral supplements help prevent easy bruising. For example, vitamin C and K stimulates collagen production. Collagen helps prevent blood cells from leaking into the upper layer of the skin after trauma. Eating foods rich in antioxidants help as well. Load up on citrus fruits, green veggies and lean proteins to prevent bruising. These foods are rich in vitamins A, C and E as well as minerals and antioxidants.
After bathing, slather rich creams and lotion enriched with vitamins. Skin lotion creates a protective barrier against everyday skin trauma. If you are heading out, wear sunscreen. Sunblock will prevent the skin from thinning out when exposed to the sun.
If you’re always on medication that thins out the blood, take vitamin K supplements. Certain illnesses cause vitamin K deficiency. If you plan on taking this vitamin, talk to your doctor first. You want to make sure the vitamin will not disrupt the effects of your other medication.